There can be a number of eye-related problems that can be resolved through a retina surgery or a vitrectomy, which is a kind of eye surgery. Vitrectomy is conducted to rectify a range of eye problems. However, it is not as common and simple as a cataract surgery. As the names suggest, vitrectomy or retina surgery aims at correcting a number of defects pertaining specifically to the vitreous and the retina of the eye.
Some of the problems that demand vitrectomy include age-related macular degeneration, macular hole, epiretinal membrane, Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, retinal detachment or retinal tear, diabetic retinopathy, and vitreous hemorrhage, wherein bleeding occurs and the blood does not get cleared by natural healing process of the body.
The symptoms of the above-enlisted problems may include the following:
- Acute pain in the eye
- Diminishing vision problems
- Redness in the whites of the eye
- Flashes of light changing the eye & vision
- Swelling and discharge from the eyes
With the help of conventional surgery or laser vitrectomy is performed very deep inside the eye. The surgery takes place near retina, the light-sensitive membranous part of the eye and the gel- like vitreous is present. It may be required by patients who have developed some unwanted side effects after cataract surgery is performed.